Everything you need to know about the Swedish Royal Family

From current members to the family's long history...
STOCKHOLM, SWEDEN - SEPTEMBER 10: Andreas Norlen, King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden, Queen Silvia of Sweden, Prince Daniel of Sweden, Crown Princess Victoria of Sweden, Prince Carl Philip of Sweden, and Princess Sofia of Sweden pose for a picture upon arriving at the Swedish Parliament House for the opening of the new parliamentary session on September 10, 2019 in Stockholm, Sweden. (Photo by Michael Campanella/Getty Images)

The Swedish Royal Family, known for their modern approach and strong public engagement, plays a significant role in Sweden’s cultural and national identity.

Here is a comprehensive guide answering the most frequently asked questions about the Swedish Royal Family, detailing their history, current members, and notable past figures.

Who are the Swedish Royal Family?

Officially known as the House of Bernadotte, the Swedish Royal Family has been reigning in Sweden since 1818. The family’s origins trace back to Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte, a Marshal of France under Napoleon, who was elected Crown Prince of Sweden and later became King Charles XIV John of Sweden. They have navigated various historical challenges to remain a prominent royal family in Europe.

Who is the current head of the Swedish Royal Family?

King Carl XVI Gustaf is the current head of the Swedish Royal Family. Born on April 30, 1946, King Carl XVI Gustaf ascended to the throne on September 15, 1973, following the death of his grandfather, King Gustaf VI Adolf.

Queen Silvia of Sweden and King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden attend the Jubilee banquet during the celebration of the 50th coronation anniversary of King Carl Gustav of Sweden at the Royal Palace on September 15, 2023 in Stockholm, Sweden. (Photo by Michael Campanella/Getty Images)

Who are the current members of the Swedish Royal Family?

King Carl XVI Gustaf

King Carl XVI Gustaf, the reigning monarch, is known for his dedication to environmental issues and his support for Swedish industry and culture. He is married to Queen Silvia, and they have three children: Crown Princess Victoria, Prince Carl Philip, and Princess Madeleine.

Queen Silvia

Queen Silvia, born Silvia Sommerlath, married King Carl XVI Gustaf in 1976. She has German and Brazilian heritage and worked as an interpreter before becoming queen. Queen Silvia is involved in numerous charitable organisations, particularly focusing on the welfare of children and dementia research.

Crown Princess Victoria of Sweden, Prince Daniel of Sweden, Princess Estelle of Sweden and Prince Oscar of Sweden at the Victoria Day concert on July 14, 2022 in Oland, Sweden. (Photo by Patrick van Katwijk/Getty Images)

Crown Princess Victoria

Born on July 14, 1977, Crown Princess Victoria is the eldest daughter of King Carl XVI Gustaf and Queen Silvia. She is the heir apparent to the Swedish throne and holds the title of Duchess of Västergötland. Crown Princess Victoria is married to Prince Daniel, and they have two children, Princess Estelle and Prince Oscar.

Prince Daniel

Prince Daniel, born Olof Daniel Westling, married Crown Princess Victoria in 2010. Before becoming a member of the royal family, he was a personal trainer and businessman. Prince Daniel is involved in health and fitness initiatives and supports various charitable causes.

Princess Estelle

Born on February 23, 2012, Princess Estelle is the eldest child of Crown Princess Victoria and Prince Daniel. She is second in line to the Swedish throne and holds the title of Duchess of Östergötland.

Prince Oscar

Prince Oscar, born on March 2, 2016, is the second child of Crown Princess Victoria and Prince Daniel. He holds the title of Duke of Skåne.

Prince Carl Philip of Sweden and Princess Sofia of Sweden. (Photo by Iwi Onodera/Getty Images)

Prince Carl Philip

Prince Carl Philip, born on May 13, 1979, is the second child and only son of King Carl XVI Gustaf and Queen Silvia. He is married to Princess Sofia, and they have three children: Prince Alexander, Prince Gabriel, and Prince Julian.

Princess Sofia

Princess Sofia, born Sofia Hellqvist, married Prince Carl Philip in 2015. Before joining the royal family, she worked as a model and reality TV star. Princess Sofia is involved in various charitable activities, particularly focusing on children and youth.

Princess Madeleine

Princess Madeleine, born on June 10, 1982, is the youngest child of King Carl XVI Gustaf and Queen Silvia. She is married to Christopher O’Neill, and they have three children: Princess Leonore, Prince Nicolas, and Princess Adrienne. Princess Madeleine resides in the United States and works with the World Childhood Foundation.

King Gustaf of Sweden poses with his great grandson, Carl Gustaf, 3, second in succession to the throne after his grandfather, the crown prince. The boy’s father was killed in an air crash in 1947.

Notable past members of the Swedish Royal Family

King Gustaf V

King Gustaf V reigned from 1907 to 1950. His reign spanned both World Wars, and he played a crucial role in maintaining Sweden’s neutrality during these conflicts. Gustaf V was a popular and respected monarch who modernised the monarchy.

Queen Victoria

Queen Victoria, consort of King Gustaf V, was a significant figure in the early 20th century. Born a princess of Baden, she was known for her cultural patronage and support for charitable causes.

What is the role of the Swedish Royal Family?

The Swedish Royal Family plays a ceremonial and symbolic role in Sweden’s constitutional monarchy. As head of state, the king represents Sweden at home and abroad. The royal family is actively involved in promoting Swedish culture, supporting charitable causes, and engaging with the public through various events and activities.

Courtyard of the Royal Palace in Stockholm. (Photo by Imagno/Getty Images) .

Where do they reside?

In Stockholm, the Royal Palace is the official residence of the Swedish Royal Family. The Royal Palace, one of the largest palaces in Europe, serves as the setting for official events and ceremonies. Drottningholm Palace, located on the island of Lovön near Stockholm, is the family’s private residence. Drottningholm Palace is also a UNESCO World Heritage site.

How does they compare to other royal families?

The Swedish Royal Family is known for its modern and approachable image. They are active in public life and accessible to the Swedish people. The family’s focus on environmental issues, social causes, and cultural promotion sets them apart from other royal families. Their ability to balance tradition with contemporary values makes them a unique and respected monarchy.

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